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No permission is required for transitory or incidental reproduction of works, such reproduction having no independent economic significance but constituting an integral and fundamental part of a manufacturing process the sole purpose of which is to enable:
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According to the Law, disseminated work means a piece of work which has been made available to the public in any way by its author's permission.
To the extent not covered by the statutory fair use of works, the placing by the National Institute of Telecommunications in the Internet of the papers to which the Institute suitable owns economic copyrights or suitable rights under license and published in journals issued by the National Institute of Telecommunications is to be construed as an offer to conclude a license agreement for conditions set out below. By downloading or reproduction of the paper, which has a machine-readable CC licensing information in the article level metadata, is deemed to implicitly conclude a license agreement on the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-SA 4.0):
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